The Senate`s reservations with regard to NATO SOFA contain four conditions: (1) the provisions of the criminal jurisdiction of Article VII of the agreement do not set a precedent for future agreements; 2. When a member of the service is to be brought to justice by the authorities of a host state, the commander of the U.S. military checks the laws of the receiving state in that state, referring to the procedural safeguards of the U.S. Constitution; (3) If the captain believes that there is a risk that the service member will not be protected because the accused would not have constitutional rights in the United States, the captain asks the host state to enact its jurisdiction; and (4) a representative of the United States is appointed to attend the trial of a serving member tried by the host state and to act to protect the constitutional rights of the serving member.8 Agreement on the Status of the United States. Personnel (T.I.A.S.), citing military support agreements (6 U.S.T. 2107), treaty quote of Rio (62 Stat 1681) 1941: first in a series of numerous agreements, some before NATO, related to defence with the status of the armed forces conditions The text of this agreement is georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2007/11/20071126-11.html (hereafter the “Declaration of Principles”). A historical perspective on U.S. operations in Iraq and issues related to Iraqi governance and security can be found in the report CRS RL31339, Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security, by [author name scrubbed] and CRS Report RL33793, Iraq: Regional Outlook and U.S. Policy, coordinated by [author name scrubbed].

Before Germany became a member of NATO, the United States and Germany entered into an insurance agreement in 1951 under the Social Security Act of 1951.68 Germany joined NATO in 1955 and in the same year concluded a mutual defence assistance agreement,69 requiring the United States to “provide such equipment”, these agreements can be concluded in various forms, including in the form of a collective defence agreement (requiring the parties to the agreement to assist in the defence of one party to the agreement in the event of aggression), an agreement with a duty of consultation (one party commits a party to the agreement), to take measures in the event of a threat to the security of the other country) , an agreement granting the right to military intervention (which gives one party the right, but not the obligation to intervene militarily on the territory of another party to defend it against internal or external threats), or any other non-binding agreement (unilateral commitment or political declaration). CANPAÉs are often included as part of a comprehensive security agreement with other types of military agreements (such as the base. B, access and prepositioning). A SOFA may be based on the authority that has been found in previous contracts, convention measures or exclusive executive agreements that include the security agreement. This announcement became a source of interest to Congress115, in part following statements by Bush administration officials that such an agreement would not be submitted to the legislative branch for approval, although the United States may have been required to provide “security guarantees” to Iraq.116 Several hearings were held at the 110th Congress on the proposed security agreement. In late 2007, Congress passed the Defence Emergency Accountability Act in 2008, which contained a provision limiting funds made available by U.S. authorities for an agreement with Iraq, which was submitted to U.S. members. 117 In October 2008, Congress passed the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal 2009, which issued a report by the Chairman to the House of Representatives and House Foreign Relations and Armed Services Committees on all agreements reached

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